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The Presidio and Mission San Diego de Alcalá, founded in 1769, formed the first European settlement in what is now California.
In 1821, San Diego became part of the newly declared Mexican Empire, which reformed as the First Mexican Republic two years later.
(See, List of pre-statehood mayors of San Diego.) However, San Diego had been losing population throughout the 1830s and in 1838 the town lost its pueblo status because its size dropped to an estimated 100 to 150 residents.
Beyond town Mexican land grants expanded the number of California ranchos that modestly added to the local economy.
In May 1769, Portolà established the Fort Presidio of San Diego on a hill near the San Diego River.
It was the first settlement by Europeans in what is now the state of California.
California became part of the United States in 1848 following the Mexican–American War and was admitted to the union as a state in 1850.
It is part of the San Diego–Tijuana conurbation, the second-largest transborder agglomeration between the U. and a bordering country after Detroit–Windsor, with a population of 4,922,723 people.
Historically home to the Kumeyaay people, it was the first site visited by Europeans on what is now the West Coast of the United States.
Upon landing in San Diego Bay in 1542, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area for Spain, forming the basis for the settlement of Alta California 200 years later.
In 1822, Mexico began its attempt to extend its authority over the coastal territory of Alta California.
The fort on Presidio Hill was gradually abandoned, while the town of San Diego grew up on the level land below Presidio Hill.
During the 22 years he spent in prison after being convicted of killing a Boston police detective, Sean Ellis believed there was something suspicious about the officers who led the murder investigation.