Book of daniel dating
The first, if the author of Daniel lived in the second century during the persecution, therefore in Palestine, one would naturally assume that he would use his native system of dating, and not the ancient, relatively unknown system of Babylonian dating.
This would be especially true if the author's purpose was to encourage the people of his day who were currently suffering persecution also, as the proponents of the second century date of writing believe.
The second section can either be construed as prophecy, or history containing some prophecy, depending on the date one assumes that the book was written.
The only conclusion that one can reach, other than some other information which has been lost to us today, is that the author was indeed alive during the events, in 539 BC (Waltke, pg. The third main historical argument concerns the identity of Darius the Mede, mentioned in chapters five, six, nine, and eleven.
The second part of this argument says that if Daniel were an unknown, but well knowledgeable Jew (as he would have had to have been to know Babylonian history as well as he does) he would have certainly followed in the footsteps of a well respected prophet.
In writing his book he presumes to appear as a prophet himself, encouraging his people to persevere through persecution, he would undoubtedly try to make his work seem as Scriptural as possible.
Prophets weren't necessarily men who only foretold the future, but spoke the inspired words of God.
The book of Daniel (composed by the man, the prophet Daniel) itself claims to have been written in the sixth century BC, indirectly.He refers to the "'abomination the causes desolation,' spoken of through the prophet Daniel." Here, Jesus uses the Greek dia, along with the genitive case, which always implies personal human agency (Archer, pg 284) That should strongly lead one to believe that Jesus was under the impression that the Daniel he referred to was an actual person named Daniel, not just the title of a book.